Risk behaviors are behaviors which endanger people's health and wellbeing. The aim of this study was to determine effectiveness of mindfulnessbased cognitive therapy group oriented on reducing male patients' high risk behaviors. The research design was quasi-experimental study with pretestposttest control group. The population consisted of all men substance abusers referred to substance abuse treatment Kermanshah Central Prison are treated with methadone, that after implementation of high-risk behaviors, 40 clients that score they were chosen above average and placed randomly into two experimental and control groups (20 patients) and the experimental group received intervention program of 10 sessions of cognitive therapy based on mindfulness-based model. After training both experimental and control groups were tested again. Data analyzed were by using descriptive statistics (mean and standard deviation) and inferential statistics, covariance analysis with SPSS-19. Results showed that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy leads to reducing high-risk behaviors in the experimental group compared to the control group. Based on the study findings, it can be concluded that mindfulness therapy can be useful as a treatment to reduce high risk behaviors.
Somayeh Mehri, Sara Shakari