Cropping pattern is one of the most important parameters for conducting appropriate rotation, so that it will be directly related to optimal exploitation of water and soil resources. Cropping pattern varies considerably in different regions with various conditions and each region has various criteria. In order to determine optimal cropping pattern this study was conducted by analytical hierarchy process (AHP) because of preventing watermelon planting with high water requirement in summer without rainfall. The selected criteria comprised economic conditions (farmer incomes), costs (relative to crop production costs), water requirement, adoption culture of native farmers and mechanization. According to mentioned criteria, irrigated wheat, canola, potato and alfalfa were selected. Field studies and information were obtained by 15 questionnaires and 14 leading farmers. The results showed that suggested cropping pattern in order of priority was wheat>potato=alfalfa>canola.
Sh. Hassani, M. Ramroodi, M. Naghashzadeh