Medical centers are kinds of centers, which significantly influence individual’s health, particularly on critical moments and in wars that have a vital importance. One of the main principals that are recently noticed in many countries, are the principals which have relation to passive defense and its importance on the criteria to locate the medical centers. This study analysis the principals and indicators of the criteria to locate the medical centers, which has the case study in Tehran municipality. The methods study is descriptive which the indicators are described, then they have analyzed and prioritized. Descriptive research includes a method that aims to describe the conditions or terms of the phenomena studied. Implementation of descriptive research can better understand the situation and assist the decision making process. By this methodology, samples of 30 volunteers who are professional in architecture have been attended to the research site. The principle of Collecting information and data is by presenting questionnaire beyond respective society and field data of case study. Ultimately, analyzing and prioritizing and ranking the indicators have been done by t- test and normality test. Participants and indicators of questionnaire have been evaluated and ranked by t-test and normality test. Therefore, some main indicators have been determined as an appropriate indicator in order to locate medical centers, which are Laws and policies, Capitation for facilities (electricity, water, gas, telephone) and ultimately passive defense. After assessing questionnaires which were distributed between professionals in architecture. Finally, assessing and prioritizing determined indicators in questionnaire, the first 3 prioritized indicators determined which are: Policies and lows of governments and authorities, Capitation for facilities (electricity, water, gas and telephone), Passive defense principles. Finally, SWOT matrix analysis the Treata site by passive defense indicators and some recommendations will be devoted in order to locate medical centers in approach to passive defense, which are mentioned at the end of the research.
Azadeh Rezaei, Jalal Nakhaei
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